Tuesday, December 5, 2023

Who is a Related Party When Doing a 1031 Exchange?


Who is a Related Party When Doing a 1031 Exchange?

In the context of 1031 exchanges, related parties refer to individuals or entities that have a certain relationship with the taxpayer involved in the exchange. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has specific rules and limitations regarding related parties in 1031 exchanges to prevent abuse and ensure that the exchange is conducted for legitimate business purposes.

Currently, the IRS defines related parties in a 1031 exchange as:

  1. Family Members: This includes relationships such as siblings, spouses, ancestors (e.g., parents and grandparents), and lineal descendants (e.g., children and grandchildren). It also pertains to entities in their ownership/control.
  2. Entities under Common Control: This includes situations where there is at least 50% common ownership, either directly or indirectly, between the exchanger and the entity purchasing or selling the property.
  3. Certain Business Relationships: This category may include relationships between an individual and a corporation if the individual owns more than 50% of the corporation's outstanding stock by value.

If a related party situation exists and it still qualifies for an exchange under the strict regulations, there are additional restrictions and limitations. For example, if one party to the exchange disposes of the property within two years of the exchange, it may trigger tax consequences. The related party rules are designed to prevent taxpayers from using 1031 exchanges to simply swap properties with related parties without a legitimate business purpose.

It's essential to consult with a tax professional or legal advisor familiar with current tax laws and regulations, as tax laws can change, and there may be updates or modifications to the rules.

Thursday, September 28, 2023

Above & Below 1031 to share 1031 Exchange Information at a Real Estate Industry Meeting


        Whitney Nash, Owner of Above & Below 1031, will be one of the panelists at WIMFA-Dallas's Meeting on October 3rd, 2023!

Monday, September 18, 2023

1031 Exchange Same Taxpayer Rule Exceptions


1031 Exchange Same Taxpayer Rule Exceptions

The "same taxpayer" rule for 1031 exchanges generally requires that the taxpayer who sells the relinquished property and the taxpayer who acquires the replacement property be the same. However, there are certain exceptions and nuances to this rule. Here are some important exceptions and considerations:


Single-Member LLC (SMLLC) and Disregarded Entities: If the taxpayer owns the relinquished property in their name (alone) and acquires the replacement property in the name of a single-member LLC (SMLLC) that is treated as a disregarded entity for tax purposes, the exchange can still qualify for 1031 treatment. This is because the IRS treats the SMLLC as an extension of the taxpayer, so the same taxpayer requirement is met. In community property states, the same goes for property owned in the name of the husband and wife. If they are the sole members of an LLC, treated as a disregarded entity for tax purposes, the replacement property can be purchased in the name of their LLC.


Change in Legal Structure: If the taxpayer changes the legal structure of ownership (e.g., from an individual to an LLC) but maintains the same taxpayer identification number (TIN), the exchange can still qualify. This typically applies when an individual transfers property into an entity in which they have a 100% ownership interest.


Partnerships: In the case of partnerships, the IRS has specific rules that allow for 1031 exchanges while changing the composition of the partnership. The partnership can sell the relinquished property, and the replacement property can be acquired by a different partnership in which the exact same partners are involved.


Trusts: Trusts can also engage in 1031 exchanges, but the trust's taxpayer identification number must remain consistent between the relinquished and replacement properties. Additional considerations may apply.


Taxpayer's Death: If the taxpayer dies during the 1031 exchange process, there are specific rules that may allow for the exchange to continue without violating the same taxpayer rule. The exchange can be completed by the taxpayer's estate or heirs, subject to certain conditions.


It's important to note that these exceptions and rules can be complex, and their applicability may depend on various factors, including the specific circumstances of the exchange and changes in tax laws and regulations. To ensure compliance with the IRS rules and take advantage of any applicable exceptions, it's highly advisable to consult with tax professionals who are experienced in 1031 exchanges and are knowledgeable about the most current tax laws and regulations. Mistakes in 1031 exchanges can lead to unexpected tax consequences, so seeking expert guidance is crucial.

Tuesday, August 15, 2023

Why might a DST be a good replacement property option for 1031 exchanges?


Why might a DST be a good replacement property option for 1031 exchanges?

Delaware Statutory Trusts (DSTs) have gained popularity as replacement property options in 1031 exchanges due to several advantages they offer. A 1031 exchange, also known as a like-kind exchange, allows real estate investors to defer capital gains taxes when they exchange one investment property for another of equal or greater value. DSTs can serve as attractive replacement properties for several reasons:

  • Diversification: DSTs allow investors to diversify their investment across multiple properties within the trust. This can reduce risk by spreading investment exposure across different types of assets, locations, and property management teams.
  • Management Relief: With DSTs, individual investors don't need to be actively involved in property management. The trust's professional management team handles day-to-day operations, maintenance, and tenant relations. This is particularly beneficial for investors looking to reduce their hands-on involvement.
  • Access to High-Quality Properties: DSTs often invest in large, institutional-grade properties that individual investors might not be able to acquire on their own. This allows investors to gain exposure to high-quality assets in prime locations.
  • Fractional Ownership: DSTs offer fractional ownership, allowing investors to participate in larger real estate deals with a smaller investment amount. This can be especially appealing to investors who want exposure to larger properties but have limited funds available for investment.
  • Passive Income: DST investors typically receive a share of the rental income generated by the properties in the trust. This provides a consistent stream of passive income, which can be appealing to retirees or those looking to supplement their current income.
  • Potential for Capital Appreciation: In addition to passive income, investors may benefit from potential property value appreciation over time. This could lead to capital gains upon eventual sale of the DST properties.
  • 1031 Exchange Compliance: DSTs are structured to meet the requirements of a 1031 exchange, making them a suitable option for investors seeking to defer capital gains taxes. The IRS has established specific rules and guidelines that DSTs must follow to maintain their 1031 exchange eligibility.
  • Simplicity and Convenience: Investing in a DST is generally simpler and requires less active management compared to direct property ownership. Investors can avoid the responsibilities associated with property maintenance, tenant management, and other operational aspects.

It's important to note that while DSTs offer these advantages, they might not be suitable for every investor. DST investments require certain investor qualifications and come with their own set of risks. Potential investors should carefully consider their individual financial situation, investment goals, and risk tolerance before choosing DSTs as replacement properties for 1031 exchanges. Consulting with financial advisors, tax professionals, and legal experts is recommended to ensure that DSTs align with an investor's overall investment strategy and tax planning needs.

Thursday, July 20, 2023

1031 Exchange Tax Deferral


How do you achieve full tax deferral with a 1031 exchange?

To achieve full tax deferral with a 1031 exchange, you need to adhere to certain rules and requirements. Here are the key factors to consider:

Like-Kind Property Requirement:

The property you sell (relinquished property) and the property you acquire (replacement property) must both be of "like-kind." This means they should be of the same nature or character, typically referring to real estate for real estate. However, there is some flexibility within the definition of like-kind properties for real estate exchanges.

Qualified Use:

Both the relinquished property and the replacement property must be held for productive use in a trade, business, or held for investment purposes for a period of time. Personal-use, fix-n-flip, etc. properties do not qualify for a 1031 exchange.

45-Day Identification Period:

Within 45 days of selling your relinquished property, you must identify potential replacement properties to acquire. Adhere to the identification rules, which typically allow for identifying up to three potential properties regardless of their value or any number of properties with a combined value not exceeding 200% of the relinquished property's value.

180-Day Exchange Period:

The entire exchange process, including the acquisition of the replacement property, must be completed within 180 days from the sale of your original property.

Exchange Up: Three Amounts*

1.       Reinvestment of All Proceeds:

To achieve full tax deferral, you must reinvest all the proceeds from the sale of the relinquished property into the acquisition of the replacement property. Any funds not reinvested will be subject to capital gains tax.

2.       Equal or Greater Value:

The replacement property or properties must have an equal or greater value than the relinquished property (less ordinary and customary closing costs). You should strive to "exchange up" in terms of value to ensure complete tax deferral.


3.       Equal or Greater Debt Offset:

Any debt paid off with the sale of the relinquished property needs to be replaced with equal or greater debt on the replacement property. This can be accomplished by acquiring a loan or using cash to complete the purchase.

 * Any difference in these three numbers is considered taxable boot.

Use of a Qualified Intermediary (QI):

It is mandatory to use a qualified intermediary, also known as a QI or exchange accommodator, to facilitate the 1031 exchange. The QI holds the proceeds from the sale of the relinquished property and ensures they are properly reinvested into the replacement property.

Consult with Professionals:

Working with professionals experienced in 1031 exchanges, such as a QI, real estate attorney, or tax advisor, is essential to navigate the complex regulations and optimize your tax advantages.

By following these guidelines and meeting the requirements, you can maximize your chances of achieving full tax deferral through a 1031 exchange. However, it's important to consult with professionals who can provide personalized advice based on your specific situation and the most up-to-date tax laws and regulations.

Thursday, June 15, 2023

1031 Exchange Agreement with a Qualified Intermediary

Why do you need to have an Exchange Agreement in place with a Qualified Intermediary to do a 1031 Exchange?

Having an exchange agreement with a Qualified Intermediary (QI) is a requirement in the context of certain financial transactions, particularly in the United States, where it is commonly associated with a tax provision known as a "like-kind exchange" or a "1031 exchange."

In a 1031 Exchange, a taxpayer can defer capital gains taxes on the sale of certain types of property by reinvesting the proceeds into a like-kind property. To successfully complete a 1031 exchange, the taxpayer must comply with various requirements, including the use of a QI.

Here are a few reasons why a taxpayer would need to have an exchange agreement with a qualified intermediary:

  1. Facilitating the exchange process: A qualified intermediary acts as a third-party facilitator in a 1031 exchange. They hold the funds from the sale of the relinquished property and ensure they are properly reinvested in the replacement property, thereby maintaining compliance with the exchange rules.
  2. Avoiding actual or constructive receipt of funds: To qualify for tax deferral under a 1031 exchange, it is crucial to avoid receiving the sale proceeds directly. If the taxpayer gains control or access to the funds, the exchange could be disqualified, and capital gains taxes would become due. By using a qualified intermediary, the title company transfers the taxpayer’s sales proceeds to the escrow account that the QI has opened for benefit of the taxpayer, avoiding the risk of receipt, and preserving the tax-deferred status.
  3. Meeting timing requirements: 1031 exchanges have strict timing requirements. Once the relinquished property is sold, the taxpayer has a limited window to identify potential replacement properties and eventually acquire them. A qualified intermediary helps ensure that the exchange timeline is adhered to, assisting with the identification and acquisition process within the specified timeframes.
  4. Compliance with IRS regulations: The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has specific regulations governing like-kind exchanges. Engaging a qualified intermediary provides an additional layer of assurance that the exchange is being executed correctly and in accordance with the IRS guidelines. They provide the necessary exchange agreement and property assignment documents and ensure that the closing statements document the exchange correctly. QIs are knowledgeable about the requirements and help ensure compliance, reducing the risk of inadvertent errors or non-compliance.

Overall, having an exchange agreement with a qualified intermediary streamlines the 1031 exchange process, helps to meet the necessary requirements, and provides assurance that the transaction is conducted in compliance with applicable tax laws and regulations.

Monday, June 5, 2023

What is considered Like-Kind Real Property for a 1031 Exchange?

In the United States, a 1031 Exchange, also known as a Like-Kind Exchange, refers to a provision in the Internal Revenue Code (Section 1031) that allows individuals or businesses to defer capital gains tax on the exchange of certain types of property. When it comes to real property, the concept of "like-kind" refers to the nature or character of the property being exchanged rather than its specific grade or quality. For a property to qualify as Like-Kind in a 1031 exchange, both the relinquished property (the property being sold) and the replacement property (the property being acquired) must be held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment purposes. Here are some key points to consider: 

1. Real property for real property: In a 1031 exchange, the real property being exchanged must be of a similar nature or character. It means that the properties involved should generally be real estate, such as land, buildings, or leasehold interests in real estate. 
2. Broad definition: The term "like-kind" is broadly interpreted for real property. It means that the property being exchanged can be different types of real estate as long as they are both held for business or investment purposes. For example, an apartment building can be exchanged for raw land, a commercial property for a residential property, etc. 
3. Use and intention: The IRS focuses on the purpose or intended use of the properties rather than their specific characteristics. As long as both properties are held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment purposes, they are generally considered like-kind. 

It's important to note that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, passed in 2017, limited like-kind exchanges to only apply to real property. Starting from the 2018 tax year, personal property exchanges, such as vehicles, artwork, or equipment, are no longer eligible for like-kind exchange treatment. 

To ensure compliance and maximize the benefits of a 1031 Exchange, it is advisable to Consult with a 1031 Qualified Intermediary or a Qualified Tax professional who specializes in the 1031 Rules & Qualifications in facilitating these types of transactions.